|6 Months Ended|
Jun. 30, 2018
|Investments and Cash [Abstract]|
|Investments [Text Block]||
NOTE 8: INVESTMENTS
Net losses related to trading assets still held at the reporting date were $326 million in the second quarter of 2018 and $214 million in the first six months of 2018 ($321 million of net gains in the second quarter of 2017 and $483 million in the first six months of 2017). Net gains on the related derivatives were $316 million in the second quarter of 2018 and $221 million in the first six months of 2018 ($311 million of net losses in the second quarter of 2017 and $446 million in the first six months of 2017).
Available-for-Sale Debt Investments
Government debt includes instruments such as non-U.S. government bonds and U.S. agency securities. Financial institution instruments include instruments issued or managed by financial institutions in various forms such as commercial paper, fixed and floating rate bonds, money market fund deposits, and time deposits. Substantially all time deposits were issued by institutions outside the U.S. as of June 30, 2018 and December 30, 2017.
The fair value of available-for-sale debt investments, by contractual maturity, as of June 30, 2018, was as follows:
The components of gains (losses) on equity investments, net for each period were as follows:
2 Both initial and ongoing mark to market adjustments and observable price adjustments relate to the new financial instruments standard adopted in the first quarter of 2018, and are not applicable in prior periods. Gains (losses) on sales includes realized gains (losses) on sales of non-marketable equity securities and equity method investments, and in 2017 also includes realized gains (losses) on sales of available-for-sale equity securities which are now reflected in ongoing mark to market adjustments on marketable equity securities.
On April 28, 2017, Cloudera, Inc. (Cloudera) completed its initial public offering and we designated our previous equity and cost method investments in Cloudera as available-for-sale. During the second quarter of 2017, we determined we had an other-than-temporary decline in the fair value of our investment and recognized an impairment charge of $278 million.
Beijing UniSpreadtrum Technology Ltd.
During 2014, we entered into a series of agreements with Tsinghua Unigroup Ltd. (Tsinghua Unigroup), an operating subsidiary of Tsinghua Holdings Co. Ltd., to, among other things, jointly develop Intel® architecture- and communications-based solutions for phones. We agreed to invest up to 9.0 billion Chinese yuan (approximately $1.5 billion as of the date of the agreement) for a minority stake of approximately 20% of Beijing UniSpreadtrum Technology Ltd., a holding company under Tsinghua Unigroup. During 2015, we invested $966 million to complete the first phase of the equity investment and accounted for our interest using the cost method of accounting. During 2017, we reduced our expectation of the company's future operating performance due to competitive pressures, which resulted in an impairment charge of $308 million.
IM Flash Technologies, LLC
IMFT was formed in 2006 by Micron and Intel to jointly develop NAND flash memory and 3D XPoint™ technology products. On July 16, 2018, Intel and Micron announced that they agreed to complete joint development for the second generation of 3D XPoint technology, which is expected to occur in the first half of 2019. Technology development beyond the second generation of 3D XPoint technology will be pursued independently by the two companies in order to optimize the technology for their respective product and business needs. Intel continues to purchase jointly developed products from Micron under certain supply agreements.
As of June 30, 2018, we own a 49% interest in IMFT. The carrying value of our investment was $1.9 billion as of June 30, 2018 ($1.5 billion as of December 30, 2017), which is classified as an equity method investment.
The IMFT operating agreement continues through 2024 unless terminated earlier, and provides for certain buy-sell rights of the joint venture. Intel has the right to cause Micron to buy our interest in IMFT and, if exercised, Micron could elect to receive financing from us for one to two years. Commencing in January 2019, Micron has the right to call our interest in IMFT with the closing date to be effective within one year.
IMFT is a variable interest entity and all costs of IMFT are passed on to Micron and Intel through sale of products or services in proportional share of ownership. Our portion of IMFT costs was approximately $144 million in the second quarter of 2018 and approximately $227 million in the first six months of 2018 (approximately $105 million in the second quarter of 2017 and approximately $235 million in the first six months of 2017). In the event that IMFT has excess cash, IMFT will make payments to Micron and Intel in the form of dividends.
IMFT depends on Micron and Intel for any additional cash needs. During the first six months of 2018, we extended $319 million in member debt financing (MDF) to IMFT to fund the ramp of 3D XPoint technology. The MDF balance may be converted to a capital contribution at our request, or may be repaid upon availability of funds. Our known maximum exposure to loss approximated the carrying value of our investment balance in IMFT. Our potential future losses could be higher than the carrying amount of our investment, as Intel and Micron are liable for other future operating costs or obligations of IMFT and future cash calls. In addition, because we are currently committed to purchasing 49% of IMFT’s production output and production-related services, we may be required to purchase products at a cost in excess of realizable value.
We have determined that we do not have the characteristics of a consolidating investor in the variable interest entity and therefore, we account for our interest in IMFT using the equity method of accounting.
The entire disclosure for investments in certain debt and equity securities.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef